Mandarin Lesson 4 王小姐去市场。Ms. Wang is going to the market.
同学 tóngxué Coworker / 学校 xuéxiào School / 去 qù Go / 市场 shìchǎng Market / 没 méi Not /你 去 北京 吗? Are you going to Beijing?
Nǐ qù Běijīng ma?
You go north-capital question? 我的 同学 去 上海。 My classmate is going to Shanghai.
Wǒde tóngxué qù Shànghǎi.
I-of same-study go above-ocean. 我 没 去 书店了。 I'm not going to the bookstore.
Wǒ méi qù shūdiàn le.
I not go book-store completed action. 她 没 去 学校 了。 She's not going to school.
Tā méi qù xuéxiào.
She not go study-school. 我 去 商店。 I'm going to the store.
Wǒ qù shāngdiàn.
I go commerce-store. 我的 同事 去 办公室。 My coworker is going to the office.
Wǒde tóngshì qù bàngōngshì.
I-of same-affairs go manage-public-room. 王 小姐 去 市场。 Ms. Wang is going to the market.
Wáng xiǎojie qù shìchǎng.
Wang little-big-sister go market-open-space.
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|Mandarin is a tone language--that is, different pitch patterns actually distinguish one word from another. Mandarin has no irregular verbs or noun plurals to learn, because words have only a single form. Because Mandarin is completely unrelated to any European language, you may think it might be difficult to develop your vocabulary. However, it really is not that difficult. Why? The reason is that the meanings of many words consisting of two or more characters can be inferred from the meanings of the characters or even the roots of individual characters. So, your vocabulary can rapidly expand when you have grasped the basic characters and character roots.|