Mandarin Lesson 3 我认识杨先生。I know Mr. Yang.
小姐 xiǎojie Ms. / 经理 jīnglǐ Manager / 认识 rènshi Know (someone) / 姐姐 jiějie older sister / 不 bù not /她 不 认识 王 小姐。She doesn't know Ms. Wang.
Tā bù rènshi Wáng xiǎojie.
She no recognize-know Wang small-older-sister. 我 不 认识 经理。I don't know the manager.
Wǒ bù rènshi jīnglǐ.
I not recognize-know classic-logic. 你 认识 我的 老师 吗？ Do you know my teacher?
Nǐ rènshi wǒde lǎoshī ma?
You recognize-know I-of old-master question? 我 认识 他的 同事。I know his coworker.
Wǒ rènshi tāde tóngshì.
I recognize-know his-of same-affairs. 我 认识 杨 先生。I know Mr. Yang.
Wǒ rènshi yáng xiānshēng.
I recognize-know Yang first-born. 你 认识 他的 学生们 吗？ Do you know his students?
Nǐ rènshi nǐde xuéshēngmen ma?
You recognize-know I-of study-born-plural question? 王 小姐 认识 我的 姐姐。Ms. Wang knows my older sister.
Wáng xiǎojie rènshi wǒde jiějie.
Wang small-older sister recognize-knows I-of older sister.
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|Mandarin is a tone language--that is, different pitch patterns actually distinguish one word from another. Mandarin has no irregular verbs or noun plurals to learn, because words have only a single form. Because Mandarin is completely unrelated to any European language, you may think it might be difficult to develop your vocabulary. However, it really is not that difficult. Why? The reason is that the meanings of many words consisting of two or more characters can be inferred from the meanings of the characters or even the roots of individual characters. So, your vocabulary can rapidly expand when you have grasped the basic characters and character roots.|