Mandarin Lesson 2 我很喜欢中国。 I really like China.
喜欢 xǐhuān to like / 中国 zhōngguó China / 同学 tóngxué coworker / 书 shū book / 朋友 péngyǒu friend /我 喜欢 老师 I like the teacher.
Wǒ xǐhuān lǎoshī.
I like-pleased old-master. 我 很 喜欢 中国。 I really like China.
Wǒ hěn xǐhuān zhōngguó.
I very like-pleased middle-country. 他 喜欢 中国 吗? Does he like China?
Tā xǐhuān zhōngguó ma?
He like-pleased middle-country question? 他 喜欢 茶。 He likes tea.
Tā xǐhuān chá.
He likes-pleased tea. 你 喜欢 你的 同学们 吗? Do you like your classmates?
Nǐ xǐhuān nǐde tóngxuémen ma?
You like-pleased you-of same-study-plural question? 你 喜欢 这本 书 吗? Do you like this book?
Nǐ xǐhuān zhèběn shū ma?
Do you like-pleased this-origin book? 杨 先生 不 喜欢 我的 朋友。 Mr. Yang doesn't like my friend.
Yáng xiānshēng bù xǐhuān wǒde péngyǒu.
Yang first-born not like-pleased I-of friend.
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|Mandarin is a tone language--that is, different pitch patterns actually distinguish one word from another. Mandarin has no irregular verbs or noun plurals to learn, because words have only a single form. Because Mandarin is completely unrelated to any European language, you may think it might be difficult to develop your vocabulary. However, it really is not that difficult. Why? The reason is that the meanings of many words consisting of two or more characters can be inferred from the meanings of the characters or even the roots of individual characters. So, your vocabulary can rapidly expand when you have grasped the basic characters and character roots.|