Lessons 1-10

Mandarin Lesson 12 我去过法国。I have been to France.

杨 先生 去过 法国 吗? Has Mr. Yang been to France?
Yang xiānsheng qgu fǎgu ma?
Yang first-born go-experienced France question?

我 去过 法国。I have been to France.
Wǒ qgu fǎgu.
I go-experienced France.

我的 姐姐 没 去过 法国。My older sister has not been to France.
Wǒde jiějie mi qgu fǎgu.
I-of older sister not go-experienced France.

我 去过 中国。 I have been to China.
Wǒ qgu Zhōnggu.
I go-experienced Middle-country.

我 没 去过 上海。 I haven't been to Shanghai.
Wǒ mi qgu Shnghǎi.
I not go-experienced On-the-Sea.

我的 同事 去过 大连。My coworker has been to Dalian.
Wǒde tngsh qgu Dlin.
I-of same-affairs go-experienced Dalian.

你的 老板 去过 美国 吗? Has your boss been to the USA?
Nǐde lǎobǎn qgu Měigu ma?
You-of old-boss go-experienced beautiful-country question?

Lessons 11-20
Lessons 21-30
Lessons 31-40
Lessons 41-50
Lessons 51-60
Lessons 61-70
Lessons 71-80
Lessons 81-90
Lessons 91-100
Lessons 101-110
Lessons 111-120
Mandarin is a tone language--that is, different pitch patterns actually distinguish one word from another. Mandarin has no irregular verbs or noun plurals to learn, because words have only a single form. Because Mandarin is completely unrelated to any European language, you may think it might be difficult to develop your vocabulary. However, it really is not that difficult. Why? The reason is that the meanings of many words consisting of two or more characters can be inferred from the meanings of the characters or even the roots of individual characters. So, your vocabulary can rapidly expand when you have grasped the basic characters and character roots.